Almost all EU member countries have some sort of a national agency for energy efficiency, founded by state and fully or partially state-owned. In this times of cutting expenses, we in Croatia did not want to found a new institution, a special agency for energy efficiency (like other countries in the region have done). Instead these tasks were assigned to an already existing institution: Center for Monitoring Business Activities in the Energy Sector and Investments.
Finally, Republic of Croatia has an institution that monitors implementation of energy efficiency policy on national level. Experience shows that without this type of institution, country would not have enough capacity, resource nor experience to complete such responsibilities.
There are three ministries in charge of energy efficiency in Croatia: Ministry of Economy is in charge of complete energy policy, then Ministry of Construction and Physical Planning in charge of building sector (at the moment this sector has the highest potential), and Ministry of Environmental Protection in charge of greenhouse gas reduction (which is related to activities concerning energy efficiency). Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency was founded many years ago in Croatia and it has a very important role- financing energy efficiency measures, then Agency for Government Real Estate that has a very important role in a public sector – energy efficient building reconstruction and public sector systematic energy management.
In the making of NEEAP over 180 institutions were contacted, and ever more need systematical coordination and incentive. That is the main reason Croatia needs National energy efficiency authority to fulfill the role of National agency for energy efficiency. With better coordination and cooperation between all institutions in charge of implementation of activities regarding energy efficiency, it will be possible to achieve some very ambitious plans Croatia has given itself, and the ones obligated to implement by EU policy.
In accordance with guidelines EU has given (EED 2012/27/EU) Croatia has calculated an energy consumption reduction objective to be achieve by 2020. The goal is presented in NAPENU and will be revised if needed. In order to fulfill the given goal, coordination of all bodies and all sectors (from industry and transport, to commercial and public) is needed.